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#4. Different Lengths of Bolts and Why

DIFFERENT LENGTHS OF BOLTS AND WHY

Choose your adventure: Watch the video or keep reading below.

 
 

Climbing holds vary widely in size. Every hold has different measurements, including the thickness of the climbing hold behind the embedded washer where the bolt passes.

Holds are designed to have the head of the bolt as near the face of the hold as possible without protruding on the grip's front because you would feel it when grabbing the hold. The more material we can get between the washer and the back of the grip increases strength.

The thicknesses of the climbing holds we are dealing with are rarely the same. Even within the same pack, bolt lengths can vary. This is especially true in bulk packs that contain a variety of sizes from extra small to extra-large.

 
DIFFERENT LENGTHS OF BOLTS 

One would think that a bolt supplied with a climbing hold will exactly be flush with the back of your wall. That is rarely true. In the climbing hold industry, we expect the bolt to protrude out the back of the panel. This is why you should never have your climbing wall panel flat against another surface. You should expect the bolt to protrude out the back of the wall.

The main reason this protrusion occurs is that climbing hold bolts are available in 1/2" lengths. The common lengths are 1-1/2", 2", 2-1/2", 3", 3-1/2"...

So as an example of a common issue, let's say you have a climbing hold with 1" of material behind the washer to the back of the hold. Your wall is the standard 3/4" plywood. That means you would hypothetically need a 1-3/4" bolt to engage all the threads in the t-nut for the most strength. Climbing holds exert an immense load on the bolt/t-nut combination. Anything less than full-thread engagement can shear off the threads inside the t-nut, ripping the hold and the bolt off the wall. That is a dangerous and zero-fun scenario.

This image illustrates the scenario we just described:

The correct length of bolt for this example is a 2" bolt.
  • 1" to pass through the hold
  • 3/4" to pass through the panel and fully engage the t-nut
  • 1/4" of thread sticking out the back of the t-nut

If your panel is directly up against a flat surface, the bolt will push against that surface. Resulting in the bolt not tighten down anymore, or pushing the panel away from the wall—both situations you have to avoid.
 
THE ANSWER 

The answer to all of this is to fur your panel off the wall and expect bolt protrusion.